Frederick Stewart Buchanan, in memorium

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“Farewel, my friends! farewel, my foes!
My peace with these, my love with those:
The bursting tears my heart declare-
Farewel, the bonie banks of Ayr!”
— Robert Burns, 1786

The staff of the Rare Books Department extends its heartfelt condolences to the family of Frederick S. Buchanan (1931-2016). Professor Buchanan was a friend of the department and of Special Collections through his donation of much wonderful material, including these scarce Scottish chapbooks. Rare Books remembers, with gratitude, years of Professor Buchanan’s kind, quiet, patient and friendly support. Thank you, Dr. Buchanan. Memory eternal!

THE DUKE OF GORDON’S THREE DAUGHTERS
Glascow: Printed by J. & M. Robertson, 1808
PR8624 A2 D84 1808

THREE EXCELLENT NEW SONGS
Falkirk: Printed by T. Johnston, 1809
PR8624 A2 T47 1809

THE CONSTANT SHEPHERD
Falkirk: Printed & Sold by T. Johnston, 1810
PR8624 A2 C66 1810

“Chapbooks” are so-called because they were sold by “chapmen,”– itinerant merchants who mostly peddled small portable items such as needles, thread, scissors, eyeglasses, and cloth. Along with these practical items, they often also sold ballads. At first, these ballads were usually sold as single sheets. In Scotland, beginning around 1720, the ballads took shape as a small, multi-paged booklet and sold for about a halfpenny. Larger prose texts were also sold for about a penny. Chapbooks were sold without wrappers, or protective coverings, but were made well enough for frequent handling. Although Scottish chapbooks surviving from this period are not uncommon, these three are among the most rare. The Duke of Gordon’s Daughters was a particular favorite in its time. Many of the ballads in The Constant Shepherd were well known. This chapbook, however, also contains ballads of a particularly topical and timely nature. These more ephemeral ballads were often only printed in one edition. University of Utah copies gift of Frederick S. Buchanan.

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Book of the Week – The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn…

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Adventures of Huckleberry FinnAdventures of Huckleberry Finn, frontispiece, title-pageAdventures of Huckleberry Finn, Ch XII

“I was a-trembling, because I’d got to decide, forever, betwixt two things, and I knowed it. I studied a minute, sort of holding my breath, and then says to myself: ‘All right, then, I’ll GO to hell.’”

THE ADVENTURES OF HUCKLEBERRY FINN…
Mark Twain (1835-1910)
London: Chatto & Windus, 1884
First English edition

Written over an eight year period, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was at first blasted by the critics for, among other things, “blood-curdling humor,” immorality, coarseness, and profanity. The story is still banned by libraries and schools in the United States. Nonetheless, it is one of the defining novels of American literature. Ernest Hemingway said of it, “All modern literature comes from [it]. It’s the best book we’ve had…There was nothing before. There has been nothing as good since.” It was published in England a few months before the American edition was published. Publisher’s advertisements in the back of this copy are dated October 1884. This copy is thread-sewn, one of two states of gatherings for the first English edition. Bound in original gilt-and black-stamped red pictorial cloth.

Book of the Week — Opera

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“…let my mind meditate upon it; let my tongue speak of it. Let my heart love it; let my mouth talk of it. Let my soul hunger for it; let my flesh thirst for it; let my whole being desire it…”

OPERA
Saint Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury (ca. 1033-1109)
Basel: Johann Amerbach, not after 1497
Second, enlarged edition

The first edition of the collected works of St Anselm was printed in Nuremberg in 1491. After St Augustine and Thomas More, St Anselm was one of the most widely read of Christian theological writers in western Europe. His influence was far-reaching. This collection includes his three most famous works: the Cur Deus Homo, a treatise on the atonement; the Proslogion, which contains his argument for the existence of God; and the Monologion. The last thirty pages of this volume is a two-part geographical astronomical/astrological compendium, “De imagine mundi,” dating from about 1100, containing chapters on India, Parthia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Europe, Africa and sections on islands and water (seas, oceans, tides). There are a few articles on the zodiac, and more on astronomy. Anselm describes celestial motions of the sun, moon and Jupiter, with reference to the solar and lunar cycles and the importance of their measurement for calculating time. Anselm notes different divisions of time as reckoned by the ancient Hebrews, Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. He addresses various calendars and the cycles and divisions on which they were based. He notes the practical importance of their use for calculating astronomical events such as the equinox and solstice, and the sacred importance of calculating Easter. Printer Johann Amerbach (ca. 1440-1513) was the first printer of Basel to use a Roman type as well as Gothic. Printed in two columns of fifty lines each in Gothic type. University of Utah copy bound in 18th century vellum over boards; brown stain on cover. An early ownership inscription is inked out, and a stamp erased from the title-page. Some contemporary marginalia.

Book of the Week – A Letter on the Abolition of the Slave Trade…

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Letter on the Abolition of the Slave Trade

A LETTER ON THE ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE TRADE…
William Wilberforce (1759-1833)
London: Printed by Luke Hansard & Sons for T. Cadell and W. Davis, 1807
First edition

“Old concessions are retracted; exploded errors are revived; and we find we have the greater part of our work to do over again.”

William Wilberforce and Thomas Clarkson (1760-1846) began their mutual battle against the British Parliament toward the abolition of slavery in 1787. In 1791, they were defeated by the interests of West Indian planters. In 1806, Wilberforce and Clarkson began the fight again. In A Letter, Wilberforce described the evidence and arguments against the slave trade that he had accumulated over the course of two decades. It was published on January 31, 1807. On 25 March 1807 royal assent was given to a bill abolishing slave trade with the introduction of the Abolition Bill in the House of Lords. It was the first major victory for the abolition movement. The bill was carried by 267 votes. According to an account by Clarkson, the house rose to its feet and cheered. The victory represented a battle carried on through word of mouth and the printing press. But the war to abolish slavery was far from over. Wilberforce continued to work to abolish slavery throughout the British Empire. The fight did not conclude until July 26, 1833, when Parliament voted to abolish slavery. Wilberforce died three days later. University of Utah copy has armorial bookplate of “Sam. De La Cherois Crommelin” and family signature on endpaper. Bound in contemporary tree calf, gilt flat spine with black morocco label.

Rare Books/Book Arts Collaborative Exhibition Featured in Utah Daily Chronicle

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“We are embracing the process of making the book.” — Allison Milham, Book Arts Program Community Outreach Coordinator.

Glimpse gallery at the Marriott Library, Monday December 7, 2015.

Glimpse, Special Collections GalleryPhoto courtesy of Utah Daily Chronicle

Allison Milham (Book Arts Program) and Luise Poulton (Rare Books) teamed up to curate an exhibition featuring the work of library and guest instructors for the Book Arts Program’s 2016 workshop schedule. Read more about it in the Utah Daily Chronicle.

The exhibition, “Glimpse,” in the Special Collections Gallery on level 4 of the J. Willard Marriott Library, includes artists’ books held in the Rare Books collection. 2016 Book Arts Program guest instructors include Keiji Shinohara (Woodcut), Karen Hamner (Flag Book and Leather Binding), Pamela Smith (Paper Marbling), Michelle Macfarlane (Cyanotype), Claire Taylor (Linocut on Fabric), Allyn Hart (Xerox Lithography), Becky Thomas (Experimental Ink Techniques), Stacy Phillips (Painting with Encaustics), Louanna Tanner (Calligraphy). Additional workshops are offered by Book Arts Program faculty and staff Crane Giamo and Marnie Powers-Torrey (Digital Letterpress), Emily Tipps (Narrative Pages), and Allison Milham (Bookmaking). For more information about these workshops visit the Book Arts Program.

Rare Books is proud to work with our colleagues in Book Arts!

 

Rare Books receives donation of historic issue of Independent Chronicle and Universal Advertiser

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Independent-Chronicle

THE INDEPENDENT CHRONICLE AND THE UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER
Boston: Ebenezer Rhoades (for the proprietor) at the Printing-Office opposite the Court-House, Court-Street, vol. XXXII, number 1964, Monday, January 13 to Thursday, January 16, 1800

The front page of this issue begins with a eulogy for George Washington by the Rev. Richard Allen, pastor of the Bethel (Pennsylvania) African Methodist Episcopal Church. This church, founded by Allen and others in 1797, was the first Methodist church in the United States opened specifically for African Americans. Richard Allen was born into slavery in 1760. Benjamin Chew, a Quaker attorney, owned the Allen family, then sold the family to Stokeley Sturgis, a planter in Delaware. Allen was converted to Methodism by an itinerant preacher. Sturgis, apparently influenced by Allen, also became a Methodist. After his conversion, Sturgis offered to let his slaves buy their freedom. After working odd jobs for five years, in 1783, Allen purchased his own freedom for $2000. Through Methodist connections, he was invited to Philadelphia in 1786, where he joined a church and became active in teaching and preaching. A growing congregation of African Americans caused the white congregation so much discomfort that they began segregating seating and services. Allen and several others formed their own church in 1787. Allen opened a day school for African Americans and worked actively for abolition of slavery. His home was a stop in the Underground Railroad. Allen died in 1831. In his eulogy for George Washington, believed to be the first by a black minister for an American president, Allen wrote, “We, my friends, have a peculiar case to bemoan our loss. To us he has been the sympathizing friend and tender father. He has watched over us, and viewed our degraded and afflicted state with compassion and pity – his heart was not insensible to our sufferings.” This was part of a sermon he delivered on Sunday, December 29, 1799. Allen referred to the fact that Washington freed his slaves and asked that his congregation adhere to the “laws of the land” as Washington asked of United States citizens in his Farewell Address, “Your observance…will…greatly promote the cause of the oppressed…” Our copy inscribed by “Col. Whipple.” University of Utah copy gift of Dr. Ronald Rubin.

Book of the week — M. Tullii Ciceronis Orationum…

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“A nation can survive its fools, and even the ambitious. But it cannot survive treason from within. An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly. But the traitor moves amongst those within the gate freely, his sly whispers rustling through all the alleys, heard in the very halls of government itself. For the traitor appears not a traitor; he speaks in accents familiar to his victims, and he wears their face and their arguments, he appeals to the baseness that lies deep in the hearts of all men. He rots the soul of a nation, he works secretly and unknown in the night to undermine the pillars of the city, he infects the body politic so that it can no longer resist. A murderer is less to fear. The traitor is the plague.”

M. TULLII CICERONIS ORATIONUM PARS I.[-III] CUM…
Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BCE)
Venetiis : Apud Paulum Manutium, Aldi filium, MDLIII…etc. (1554-1559)
PA6279 A2 1554

Paoli Manutii led his father’s famous Aldine Press from a concentration on ancient Greek texts, his father’s love, to a concentration on classical Latin texts, his own love. In particular, Paoli maintained a life-long passion for Cicero. He restored the reputation of the Aldine Press by publishing scholarly editions of Cicero’s letters and orations. Much of the correcting and editing was his own. He continued with his work on Cicero by adding commentary. He published his first edition of Cicero’s work in 1540, adding another edition in 1547. This is the first complete edition of Cicero’s orations, published in three volumes. From the Kenneth Lawrence Ott Collection donated to the Okanangan County Museum, Washington.

DOC/UNDOC — Part 6/6, “Luces Brillantes”

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During Fall Semester, 2015, University of Utah graduate students in SPAN6900-2 Analyzing Texts: Form and Content visited Rare Books. During the third and final session with Rare Books, the students were introduced to late 20th century/early 21st century fine press and artists’ books. The session ended with the premiere viewing of our copy of DOC/UNDOC Documentado/Undocumented Ars Shamánica Performática, purchased in September. Student response was so strong that managing curator Luise Poulton, in her typical over-enthusiastic way, exclaimed, “You should post your thoughts on Open Book!” Prof. Isabel Dulfano, in her own enthusiastic way, immediately took up the suggestion and made this a new assignment, right then and there. Bless the beleaguered grad students! Rare Books is pleased to present these responses, one post at a time.

From Laura Denisse Zepeda

A traveling case for apprentice shamans
A reliquary for imaginary saints
A toolbox for self-transformation
A quiet call to heal yourself with fetishes and antidotes
A border kit to face the uncertainty of future crossings
A new project, seven years in the making

Doc/Undoc photo courtesy of Moving Press Parts

Doc/Undoc photo courtesy of Moving Press Parts

“Me hicieron perder mi imaginación y la han reemplazado con miedo”, se escucha decir en voz en off en un fragmento del video que forma parte de la obra más reciente de Guillermo Gómez-Peña, DOC/UNDOC Documentado/Undocumented Ars Shamánica Performática (Moving Parts Press 2014). Esta reciente obra de la autoría del mexicano Gómez-Peña, plantea el tema controversial de “cruzar la frontera” utilizando sus propias experiencias para poder conceptualizarlo, habla de la dualidad que representa una persona que siendo documentada de un país, en este caso México, se convierte en indocumentada al cruzar la frontera y llegar a Estados Unidos.

Se puede clasificar esta obra como un “kit” artístico que incluye un DVD con el performance de Guillermo Gómez-Peña y video de Gustavo Vazquez, un CD con música de autoría de Zachary Watkins, un libro bajo el formato de la artista Felicia Rice que recoge textos del artista y escritor Gómez-Peña y comentarios de la historiadora de arte Jennifer González, todo dentro de un baúl metálico adornado con espejos, luces brillantes y una tela que asemeja la piel de un leopardo. Esta obra es un concepto de arte que rompe con todos los esquemas convencionales, es más que nada, una experiencia tangible. La obra, al contener una gama tan completa de formas, rompe las barreras que se tenían en cuanto a lo que apreciación de arte se refiere, presentando un formato interactivo, el espectador puede con esta obra no solo ver, sino también escuchar e incluso tocar.

Según la definición del libro de Aproximaciones al estudio de la literatura hispánica, el arte comprometido es el arte que implica una actitud crítica o no conformista, actitud que mantiene todo artista que tiene la obligación moral de poner su obra al servicio de una causa social o política (3). Guillermo Gómez-Peña, definido por él mismo como un artista que vende ideas, nos presenta una obra de arte comprometida, el producto resultante de siete años de arduo trabajo y dedicación. Su nueva obra, DOC/UNDOC, es una fusión de ideas basadas en la combinación de dos naciones, dos culturas, dos idiomas, que incita a romper con las nociones que se tienen actualmente de lo que una persona “ilegal” tiene que vivir en el viaje de “cruzar la frontera”. Muestra a través de métodos artísticos poco convencionales la lucha diaria que millones de mexicanos tienen que enfrentar día a día en una sociedad que rechaza el idioma español, y todo lo que conlleva la cultura de aquellos quienes lo hablan.

Nacido y crecido en la ciudad de México para después emigrar hacia Estados Unidos, convierte a Gómez-Peña en un agente intercultural, experiencia de la cual hace uso en sus obras. Su trabajo incluye performance, video, audio, instalaciones, poesía, periodismo y teoría cultural, abordando cuestiones interculturales, inmigración, política del lenguaje, y nueva tecnología en el mundo actual (Pocha Nostra).

Desde hace algunas décadas, Guillermo Gómez-Peña ha explorado a través de su arte cuestiones culturales a través del uso de “arte mixta”, y de la combinación de dos idiomas, Español e Inglés. A través de su arte que se ha desarrollado de manera continua, Gómez-Peña ha creado performances que incluyen una narrativa bi-nacional, creando lo que diversos críticos han definido como “Chicano cyber-punk performances” y “ethno-techno art” (Pocha Nostra).

Esta obra forma parte de la colección disponible en la sección de Rare Books de la Universidad de Utah. Siendo parte del grupo de SPAN 6900 Analyzing Texts: Form & Content, con la profesora Isabel Dulfano, tuvimos la oportunidad de a lo largo del semestre acudir a esta sección en varias ocasiones. La primera visita la hicimos para conocer de códices, manuscritos y glifos mayas, empezando de esta manera nuestra incursión a la literatura. Habiendo discutiendo previamente en clase los siguientes temas, tuvimos nuevamente la oportunidad de una segunda visita para conocer el concepto de manuscrito, conocimos versiones antiguas de libros que incluyen diversos géneros literarios como poesía, drama, ensayos, prosa, pertenecientes a las regiones de Latinoamérica y España. Para cerrar el semestre, acudimos una vez más a la sección de Rare Books, esta vez para conocer los diversos formatos en los que los libros más actuales son presentados, por mencionar algunas obras tenemos la obra de Antonio Frasconi, 19 poemas de Hispano América, una colección exclusiva de poemas de diversos autores, impresos en papel japonés, firmados cada uno por el artista. Otra obra es Manifesto, de Nicanor Parra, una obra en la que el autor revela lo que el considera la forma en que un poeta debería de escribir. Y como parte final, conocimos la obra de Guillermo Gómez-Peña, DOC/UNDOC, la cual aborda temas de concepto de identidad, contexto, transición, frontera y reinvención del individuo.

19 Poemas, 1969

19 Poemas, 1969

Manifesto, 1963

Manifesto, 1963

Haber tenido la oportunidad de formar parte de un grupo en el que se conoció de literatura desde sus inicios hasta la actualidad, es una experiencia que todo estudiante debería de tener, y si acaso no está dentro de su alcance el matricularse en una clase como éstas, los invito a conocer la sección de Rare Books, será una experiencia que no olvidarán.

20151201_155123

(Last paragraph translation: Having the opportunity to form part of a group that became familiar with literature from its inception to the present was an experience that every student should have. If by chance this type of class does not fit into your schedule, I invite you to visit the Rare Books collection, as it will be an unforgettable experience.)

Friedman, Edward, Virgillo, Carmelo, Valdivieso Teresa, and Edward H Friedman. Aproximaciones Al Estudio de La Literatura Hispańica. 5th ed. Boston: McGraw Hill Higher Education, 2003.
<http://www.pochanostra.com/antes/jazz_pocha2/mainpages/bios.htm>
<http://movingpartspress.com/publications/doc-undoc.>

Book of the week – De rerum natura

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DE RERUM NATURA LIBROS SEX, AD EXEMPLARIUM…
Titus Lucretius Carus (ca. 99 BCE – ca. 55 BCE)
Londini: Impensis editoris, typis A. Hamilton, 1796-7
PA6482 A2 1796 oversize

De Rerum Natura is the only surviving work of Lucretius. It is a didactic poem in six books, in which the poet expounds on the theory of Epicurus. The object was to abolish belief that the gods intervened in the world and that the soul could experience punishment in an afterlife. Lucretius demonstrated that the world is, instead, governed by mechanical laws of nature. He described the soul as mortal and posited that it perishes with the body. This is the first edition of the “Wakefield” edition, the edition by Gilbert Wakefield (1756-1801). Wakefield was a biblical scholar. The son of a vicar, he entered Jesus College, Cambridge, through a scholarship. He studied mathematics and the classics. Although he took orders, he left the ministry and the Church of England and became a Unitarian. He earned his living as a tutor while writing controversial pamphlets attacking the government. He was imprisoned for two years for the publication of a pamphlet titled, “A Reply to some Parts of the Bishop of Landoff’s Address,” in which he defended the French Revolution. To support himself, he published a translation of the New Testament (1792), companion editions to Horace (1794) and Virgil (1796), an edition with commentary of Greek tragedies (1794), an annotated edition of Alexander Pope’s Homer (1796), and this, his Lucretius. He published his De Rerum Natura at his own expense. The book established Wakefield as a leading British scholar. The large paper, folio edition was mostly destroyed by a fire in the printing-office in which they were stored. Engraved portrait of Gilbert Wakefield on frontispiece. Bound in contemporary straight-grained black morocco, panelled covers with broad blind-tooled borders and gilt edges, spine with broad gilt rules and blindstamped decoration. Edition of fifty copies.

“The times returne” — Happy New Year!

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QUAE PRAESENTI ENCHIRIDIO CONTINEANTUR…
Lucius Apuleius (ca. 124-170)
Florence: Philippi de Giunta, February, 1512
PA6207 M2 1512

“O holy and blessed dame, the perpetuall comfort of humane kind, who by thy bounty and grace nourishest all the world, and hearest a great affection to the adversities of the miserable, as a loving mother thou takest no rest, neither art thou idle at any time in giving thy benefits, and succoring all men, as well on land as sea; thou art she that puttest away all stormes and dangers from mans life by thy right hand, whereby likewise thou restrainest the fatall dispositions, appeasest the great tempests of fortune and keepest backe the course of the stars: the gods supernall doe honour thee: the gods infernall have thee in reverence: thou environest all the world, thou givest light to the Sunne, thou governest the world, thou treadest downe the power of hell: By thy meane the times returne, the Planets rejoyce, the Elements serve: at thy commandment the winds do blow, the clouds increase, the seeds prosper, and the fruits prevaile, the birds of the aire, the beasts of the hill, the serpents of the den, and the fishes of the sea, do tremble at thy majesty, but my spirit is not able to give thee sufficient praise, my patrimonie is unable to satisfie thy sacrifice, my voice hath no power to utter that which I thinke, no if I had a thousand mouths and so many tongues: Howbeit as a good religious person, and according to my estate, I will alwaies keepe thee in remembrance and close thee within my breast.”

This is the first edition of the Giunta printing of Apuleius, the second edition after the editio princips printed by Sweynheym and Pannartz. Apuleius studied Platonist philosophy at Athens and is best known for his bawdy picaresque novel, The Golden Ass, the only ancient Latin novel known to have survived in its entirety. This edition contains that novel, and several other works, including “Floridorum Libri Qutuor,” De Philosophia item Liber Unicus,” “Aesclepius,” (edited by Marsilio Ficino), “Orationes Duae pro se Ipso,” and “Cosmographia, Sive De Mundo.” This is one of the earliest editions to contain the Giunta printer’s mark, a lily. The Giunta was a Florentine family of printers and publishers who worked out of Venice and Florence until the middle of the 16th century. Filippo Giunta (1450-1517) established the press, working closely with several scholars to issue Greek and Latin classics. The press had branches in London, Lyons, Rome, and Salamanca. Filippo was succeeded by his son Bernard. University of Utah copy bound in contemporary stiff vellum with spine ruling and lettering in black, edges stained blue.